HOW TO DIVE

The Ten Commandments for a correct dive – Anyone can do it!

Many dream of knowing how to dive into a pool in an elegant and correct way. A correct dive means proper entry into the water and giving momentum to the swimming that follows. Anyone without fear of water can make the dive and there is no need to be professional swimmers. In this article we list the steps for a correct dive with simple explanations that anyone can perform.

Firstly, it is important to note that the goal of a dive is to avoid damage to the neck and lower back and not to land on the abdomen. In addition, we want to avoid hitting the pool bottom or losing our goggles. To prevent these things from happening, the initial and basic state of a dive is the arrow hand stretch – the head is under the hands, the back of the right hand touches the palm of the left hand (or vice versa) and the thumb of the left hand covers the right hand.

 

The ten exercises for diving correctly

10 steps to learn a swimming dive and protect the neck & the lower back in WEST swimming technique.

Each exercise must be performed 3 times and after falling or jumping into the water it is recommended to swim 50-100 meters in freestyle to release the neck and body and to continue to the following exercises.

 

  1. Diving in a pool step 1-Sitting by the pool, feet on the wall, falling into the water.

Place your feet on the wall, your buttocks on the pool edge and your hands are raised above your head in the shape of an arrow. Slowly move the hands in the arrow position, from their position above the head, toward the water. Only when the arrow touches the water and the breastbone reaches the knee area, straighten your feet and stay in the arrow in the water for 3 to 5 seconds.

 

Sitting position, feet at the edge of the pool, buttocks towards the heels and falling into the water in an arrow position.

Sit on the edge of the pool with your feet resting on the lip and your toes holding the edge of the pool and touching the water slightly. The buttocks touch the heels or bent to the edge of your ability without putting pressure on the back or knees. Balance is a little difficult in this exercise, so before jumping into the water it is advisable to stabilize the feet (for children the posture is very easy). Make an arrow with your hands and slowly straighten your hands toward the water. When the hands touch the water, straighten the legs.

 

  1. Diving in a pool step 3- Standing in a 90 degree angle, hands in an arrow and falling into the water (similar to crouching).

In this exercise do as in Exercise 2, but the angle between the knees and buttocks will be 90 degrees. Usually, this step is easier in terms of flexibility of the knees. It is important to note that when you direct your hands toward the water and lose your balance, do not raise your head above your hands, but stay in the arrow position so as not to fall on your stomach.

 

  1. Diving in a pool step 4-Arrow-shaped hands are directed at a 45-degree angle towards the water, and the angle between the hip and the knee will be over 90 degrees.

The exercise is performed like exercise number 3, but in this exercise the body is directed towards the water. The arrow will directed toward the pool bottom, a meter away from the wall. For the most part, the distance seems too close and therefore people tend to raise their palms upward. As a result, they fall on the stomach instead of penetrating the water in an elegant way.

  1. Diving in a pool step 5-After the jump, as soon as you lose balance – the legs are straightened.

Repeat exercise 4, but this time you don’t have to wait for the palms to touch the water to straighten your legs. In this exercise, as in the previous exercise, the angle of preparation for the jump will be 120 degrees between the knees and thigh, the arrow is directed toward the pool bottom a meter away from the wall. When you begin to lose balance, leap lightly and stretch your body in the water for 3-5 seconds, like the previous exercises.

 

  1. Diving in a pool step 6- Jumping without falling – hands in an arrow, the angle between the knee and thigh is about 120 degrees.

In this exercise, you do not wait to lose balance but jump when your body is ready. The emphasis is not to jump too hard and not to open the arrow as a result of the scare that the water is approaching quickly.

 

  1. Diving in a pool step 7- Standing with your legs spread at 25 centimeters, with your toes at the edge of the pool – on the “Jump” call, straighten your hands in an arrow and jump into the water.

For this exercise you need a friend, a lifeguard, or a person who is around. In the preparation stage create a comfortable spread, that is, find your proper posture without causing pressure in the lower back or neck. In the exercise, you close your eyes, concentrate on entering the water, and tell the other person to start us with a “jump” call. As a result of closing our eyes, the senses become sharper and we can get a more accurate dive. In addition, we practice out-lashing power for the dives that will come later in our learning. Open your eyes only as soon as your hands enter the water.

 

  1. Diving in a pool step 8- Diving into a hoop at a distance of one and a half meters to two meters from the water.

One of the important things about diving is knowing how to adjust the distance of the dive and then also directing the entrance to the water while stretching your hands upwards. Diving into a hoop requires controlling the exact position in which you land in the water and teaches you how to stretch your hands upwards immediately after entering the water so as not to collide with the bottom.

 

  1. Diving in a pool step 9-Diving in a dolphin motion and continuing to swim with 3 strokes.

Stand up as in exercise # 7, where your toes are on the edge of the pool, the body is bent slightly, and gently bend the legs to the area that your flexibility allows. Hands are placed on the edge of the pool and head down. On the “jump” call, the hands form the arrow and the legs straighten as the body enters the water. After the body is stretched in the water, perform 2 to 4 dolphin motions, stop 30 cm from the water line and make the first stroke. Afterwards, three such strokes are performed without breathing. During the whole exercise swimming, keep your head toward the floor.

The aim of swimming after the dive is to maintain the momentum of the dive. There are many swimmers who stop the dive before they use its momentum to the end. Raising the head and breathing while we are in motion causes the stopping of the momentum.

 

  1. Diving in a pool step 10-Exercises 4-9 from a Starting Block.

The tendency when you are on a diving board is to jump too far. In the early stages of the dive, the strength of the jump is not important, but the exact penetration at the correct angle when entering the water. Swimmers who make all the former steps will also jump easily from the diving board.

 

 

Finally, in order to train and make a precise dive, correct and fast, you don’t have to climb to a high diving board. If you feel that the jump is comfortable and easy, try diving when one leg is in front and one leg back, just like runners before a race.

WATER POLO

So, you are seeking an introduction to water polo? The first thing to know is that while a few sports claim to be the ‘sport of kings’, water polo officially has the royal seal of approval.

The Duke of Cambridge himself is a fan of the sport and played at university and at national level for Scotland.

It’s also a sport we can truly call our own, with the first set of rules for the game developed in 1885 by the Swimming Association of Great Britain, a precursor to the ASA.

The sport combines speed and strength, as well as teamwork and a high level of fitness. One outfield player can cover up to two miles in one game alone!

So how do you play water polo? Find out below.

Introduction to water polo rules

Put simply, there are goals at each end of the pool and the winner of the game is the team that scores the most goals by getting the ball between the posts.

Players are not allowed to touch the bottom of the pool and have to tread water the whole time. Water polo players use a movement called eggbeater which is more efficient than the normal action of treading water.

Players can move the ball by throwing it to a teammate or swimming while pushing the ball in front of them. They can only hold the ball with one hand, other than the goalkeeper who can use both hands.

The match starts with a swim-off. The ball is released in the middle of the pitch with the players lined up along their own goal lines. The first team to reach the ball has the first possession of the game.

After each goal, the team who conceded resume the match with the ball. All players for each team must be in their own half at the resumption of play.

Water polo matches have two referees with one stood on either side of the pool. The referees are in control of the game and are the only officials who can award fouls. Click here to find out more about fouls and the physicality of water polo.

How many players are on a water polo team?

In senior water polo and most junior games, water polo teams consist of 13 players. Each team is allowed to have seven in the water at one time – six outfield players and one goalkeeper.

Except for the goalkeeper, players move continuously around the pool during a game. Most teams structure their outfield players with one centre back, one centre forward, two drivers and two wingers. Click here to find out more about water polo positions.

Water polo players need remarkable stamina because of the considerable amount of holding and pushing that occurs during the game.

As it’s such a fast game and can be quite draining, each team is also allowed a maximum of six substitutes (one goalkeeper and five outfield players).

Players can be substituted in and out of the game at any time although the goalkeeper can only be replaced by the substitute goalkeeper and the outfield players by designated outfield substitutes.

The player coming in to the game can only enter the match at the following times:

  • during the intervals between periods of play
  • after a goal has been scored
  • during a timeout

How long does a water polo match last?

Under FINA rules, a water polo match is divided into four quarters of eight minutes.

However, because the clock is stopped when the ball is not in play, the average quarter lasts around 12 minutes.

Each team is only allowed to hold onto the ball for a maximum of 30 seconds before shooting for the goal. If they haven’t done this then possession passes to the other team.

BEST SNORKELS

Source

Whether you’re a diver, snorkeler or both, purchasing a snorkel is a vital part of your equipment.

Some people believe that the mask is the most important piece of equipment used in these pastimes, as without them, you would not be able to see. Some believe that the fins are the most important as they propel you through the water at a fast pace.

However, some forget that without a snorkel, we would not be able to breathe under the water, which is of course, essential.

Go here to find our guide to Full Face Snorkel Masks

BEST BEGINNERS SNORKELS

Snorkels for beginners should be easy to use and durable. If you’re looking for a snorkel for snorkeling, then make sure to look out for snorkels that are rigid and either has a purge valve for easy exhalation of water, or a splash guard to help protect the top of the snorkel from splashes or waves at the surface.

As a beginner, it is always a good idea to avoid gimmicky snorkels, as they are usually overly expensive but only last two seconds.

Here are our recommendations for beginner snorkels for divers and snorkelers…

Omer Sub Zoom Pro Soft Snorkel

Omer Sub Zoom Pro Soft Snorkel

We’ve done all the work for you and found the best prices on the Omer Sub Zoom Pro Soft Snorkel:

Our recommendations:

Advantages & Disadvantages of the Omer Sub Zoom Pro Soft Snorkel:

  • Advantages :
  • This snorkel is flexible and easy to travel with.
  • Is low priced but made of good material.
  • A great snorkel for beginners.
  • Disadvantages :
  • The mouthpiece on this snorkel is a little small, making it difficult to keep your jaw clamped down on it.
  • This snorkel does not fit to the face perfectly, meaning you’ll have to keep it tightly gripped in your mouth.

XS Scuba M-Line Snorkel 3D Flex Dry

XS Scuba M-Line Snorkel 3D Flex Dry

We’ve done all the work for you and found the best prices on the XS Scuba M-Line Snorkel 3D Flex Dry:

Our recommendations:

Advantages & Disadvantages of the XS Scuba M-Line Snorkel 3D Flex Dry:

  • Advantages :
  • This snorkel has a unique floating valve system, which closes when it comes into contact with water.
  • The dry top opens as soon as you resurface.
  • The mouthpiece is adjustable and has a swivel ball joint.
  • The tube allows for the snorkel to drop away from the face when not in use or scuba diving.
  • Disadvantages :
  • If the dry top of the snorkel malfunctions for any reason, it can become blocked and not allow you to breathe through it.
  • When under the water, this snorkel can increase drag.

Aqua Lung Smart-Snorkel Full Face Mask

Aqua Lung Smart-Snorkel Full Face Mask

If you’re interested in a Full Face Mask, we made an in-depth guide and reviewed the best. So, go here to read more Full Face Maks reviews

We’ve done all the work for you and found the best prices on the Aqua Lung Smart-Snorkel Full Face Mask:

Our recommendations:

Advantages & Disadvantages of the Aqua Lung Smart-Snorkel Full Face Mask:

  • Advantages :
  • Has a full-face design.
  • Perfect for beginners.
  • No need to bite down on a mouthpiece and irritate your jaw.
  • Has a dry top snorkel design to reduce leaking.
  • Disadvantages :
  • Fogs up easily.
  • Has no access to nose so cannot equalize.
  • Make sure you try it on before you buy, to ensure the perfect fit.

BEST ADVANCED SNORKELS

As an advanced or an experienced snorkeler, you’ll be looking for a snorkel that sits comfortably on the face, is efficient and has all the features needed to prevent any issues from arising once in the water. A purge valve is an ideal addition that will help you remove any water that accumulates in the breathing tube. If you are planning to only snorkel on the surface with your snorkel, then a splash guard will help protect you from inhaling water if you are hit by a wave.

Here are our recommendations for advanced snorkels for snorkelers and scuba divers…

Aqua Lung Nautilus Foldable Travel Snorkel

Aqua Lung Nautilus Foldable Travel Snorkel

We’ve done all the work for you and found the best prices on the Aqua Lung Nautilus Foldable Travel Snorkel:

Our recommendations:

Advantages & Disadvantages of the Aqua Lung Nautilus Foldable Travel Snorkel:

  • Advantages :
  • This snorkel is ideal for the travelers. It’s lightweight and easy to pack.
  • It is flexible and easily sits on the face.
  • This is a great snorkel for beginner snorkelers and divers.
  • Disadvantages :
  • The airway can sometimes become blocked with dirt and sand, if not cleaned properly after every use.
  • There is no splashguard, meaning that water can enter the top of the snorkel whilst you’re on the surface.

Atomic SV2 Semi-Dry Snorkel

Atomic SV2 Semi-Dry Snorkel

We’ve done all the work for you and found the best prices on the Atomic SV2 Semi-Dry Snorkel:

Our recommendations:

Advantages & Disadvantages of the Atomic SV2 Semi-Dry Snorkel:

  • Advantages :
  • Well made with good material.
  • Purge valve works efficiently with only a short sharp exhale to totally clear the tube of water.
  • Lightweight.
  • Disadvantages :
  • If you’re attaching this snorkel to a narrow strapped mask, the fit can be quite slack.
  • Quite expensive.
  • The mouthpiece may require the user to clamp down, causing jaw ache if used for long periods of time.

Genesis Surf Snorkel

Genesis Surf Snorkel

We’ve done all the work for you and found the best prices on the Genesis Surf Snorkel:

Our recommendations:

Advantages & Disadvantages of the Genesis Surf Snorkel:

  • Advantages :
  • Really easy to use and just clips onto your mask.
  • It has a purge valve attached so is easy to clear.
  • No backflow through the purge valve.
  • Comfortably fitting mouthpiece.
  • Disadvantages :
  • The clip that connects the snorkel breaks easily and can fall off with the slightest bit of pressure.

BEST SNORKELS FOR SCUBA DIVERS

Scuba divers don’t often spend a lot of time on the surface of the water, however, when they do they are usually trying to get to the point where they descend, or they are trying to get back to the boat. Either way, they need to use as little effort as possible and not have to faff around trying to blow the water out of their snorkel to no avail.

Here are our recommendations for best scuba diving snorkels …

Mares Ergo Flex Snorkel

Mares Ergo Flex Snorkel

We’ve done all the work for you and found the best prices on the Mares Ergo Flex Snorkel:

Our recommendations:

Advantages & Disadvantages of the Mares Ergo Flex Snorkel:

  • Advantages :
  • This snorkel has a sliding snorkel clip.
  • Purge Valve that requires little effort to clear.
  • Perfect for divers and even snorkelers who are planning to be out in the water for long periods of time.
  • Disadvantages :
  • Due to the flexible ridges within the lower part of the snorkel, these can collect dirt easily and can block the breathing tube.

Cressi Supernova Dry Snorkel

Cressi Supernova Dry Snorkel

We’ve done all the work for you and found the best prices on the Cressi Supernova Dry Snorkel:

Our recommendations:

Advantages & Disadvantages of the Cressi Supernova Dry Snorkel:

  • Advantages :
  • This snorkel is extremely comfortable to use.
  • It has a splashguard, which means if you’re ending your dive in choppy water, you do not need to worry about inhaling water.
  • One of the best snorkels available on the market.
  • Disadvantages :
  • This snorkel tends to flap around a bit if it hasn’t been fastened onto the mask properly.
  • If you get sand stuck in the valve at the top of the snorkel, this can block the tube and therefore not allow you to breathe through it.

Aquabionic S01 Semi Dry Flex Snorkel

Aquabionic S01 Semi Dry Flex Snorkel

We’ve done all the work for you and found the best prices on the Aquabionic S01 Semi Dry Flex Snorkel:

Our recommendations:

Advantages & Disadvantages of the Aquabionic S01 Semi Dry Flex Snorkel:

  • Advantages :
  • This semi-dry snorkel is streamlined to prevent drag whilst under the water.
  • It has a splash guard at the top to prevent water entering the breathing tube.
  • Near effortless purge valve to remove any water within the tube.
  • Flexible silicone mouthpiece, to reduce tired jaws.
  • Disadvantages :
  • Certain parts of this snorkel swivel or move and can leak over time.
  • If dirt gets trapped within the flexible part of this snorkel, it can lead to impaired breathing.

Before you choose a snorkel, it is important to know that there are several different types of snorkels to choose from depending on what you require and what type of activity you’ll be taking part in.

 

Types Of Snorkels

Classic SnorkelMares Ergo Flex Snorkel

The classic snorkel is sometimes referred to as a ‘J-style’ snorkel. This snorkel consists of a simple plastic tube, with a mouthpiece attached. It is usually slightly bent however, can also be made into a more specific shape to suit the owner.

This is, by far the most affordable type of snorkel available and can be used for both scuba diving as well as snorkeling. This snorkel is slightly more ridged than other types of snorkels, which can make it more uncomfortable for the user. Another thing to be aware of is that if you’re on the surface and this particular snorkel becomes completely submerged, you will have to inhale fully and expel the air through it forcefully to clear it. This is a great option for a beginner as it is simple and easy to use.

There are a number of advantages if you choose a classic snorkel…

  • They are super affordable.
  • Perfect if you’re new to snorkeling or scuba diving.
  • Really easy to pack if you’re taking it abroad.

There are also a few disadvantages to remember before purchasing it…

  • The material it is made from is quite hard and can be uncomfortable.
  • To clear it properly, you need to exhale forcefully.
  • Can leak easily.

Dry Snorkel

This type of snorkel has a valve at the top of the snorkel. This valve completely blocks water, once the snorkel has been submerged, as well as air. It also has a purge valve at the base, making it really easy to expel the water from the tube, once at the surface. This snorkel also allows snorkelers to glide along the surface of the ocean, duck down under the surface and resurface all without having to worry about clearing out the tube constantly.

XS Scuba M-Line Snorkel 3D Flex Dry

If you’re using this snorkel whilst scuba diving, you can save energy at the surface as you don’t need to push out the water from the snorkel as it is already clear.

The purge valve at the bottom of this snorkel allows you to exhale quickly and remove any water that should enter the tube.
This is an efficient snorkel to use and is a good choice for divers and snorkelers alike, it does however have a couple of issues. There is a valve at the top of the snorkel, which can sometimes get blocked, making it difficult to breathe through. In addition, the dry snorkel constant has air inside the tube, which means that it remains buoyant throughout a dive or whilst you’re under the water. It can also increase drag whilst swimming through the water.

The advantages of dry snorkels are…

  • It’s great for going under the water whilst snorkeling.
  • It does not need constant clearing.
  • Has a purge valve to clear the little accumulation of water that can happen.

The disadvantages of dry snorkels are…

  • If the top valve gets blocked, this can make it difficult to breathe.
  • Increases in drag.
  • Can be more buoyant than other snorkels.

Flexible Snorkel

This is a great snorkel for both snorkeling and scuba diving. It is a flexible snorkel with a purge valve and a rigid part. The purge valve only requires a short exhalation to remove any water from inside the tube.
The flexible snorkel is great for divers who prefer a more snug fit around their face.

The advantages of flexible snorkels are…

  • Falls away from the face when not in use, which means uninhibited viewing.
  • Has a purge valve, to remove water easily from the tube.
  • It’s more flexible than the classic snorkel.
  • It’s light and easy to travel with.

There are also a few disadvantages to flexible snorkels…

  • If you’re snorkeling off a beach and get dirt or sand into the valve, this can cause the airway to get blocked.
  • There is nothing stopping the water penetrating the top of the snorkel.
How to snorkel

Fine tuning your Snorkeling Skills – Dudarev Mikhail

Semi-Dry Snorkel

This snorkel is the perfect combination of a classic and a dry snorkel. Semi-dry snorkels have a splash guard to prevent water from entering the breathing tube from above; some have a flexible tube or a rigid tube and a purge valve at the base.

Some of the purge valves and splash guards work with a moving mechanism, which is not always great as if a small grain of sand gets stuck, this can cause the mechanism to leakage and or blockage.

There are several advantages to a Semi-dry snorkels…

  • It’s easy to use and flexible.
  • They have a purge valve, and some have a splashguard.

There are also some disadvantages…

  • Does leak if dirt or sad gets into the mechanisms.
  • The parts that move can break easily and tend to leak after time.
  • These are slightly more expensive than other snorkels on offer.

Full Face Snorkel

This snorkel is an all in one combination of a mask and snorkel. The snorkel itself is positioned in the center at the top of the mask. There is no mouthpiece, making this the easiest snorkel to use on the market. Even though it is not a snorkel per say, it is the most suitable for beginners who prefer to breathe freely, without having to bite down on a mouthpiece.

Aqua Lung Smart-Snorkel Full Face Mask

This snorkel can only be used for snorkeling, not scuba diving.

See the Guide to Full Face Snorkel Masks

The Advantages of full-face snorkels are…

  • So easy to use.
  • Ideal for beginners.
  • Allows the jaw to relax.

The Disadvantages of full-face snorkels are…

  • You do not have access to your nose, so cannot equalize if you choose to dip under the surface.
  • Cannot use for scuba diving.
  • Can fog up easily.
  • The position of the snorkel can sometimes cause difficulties if the sea is choppy.
  • It is quite large in size and can be difficult to pack if you’re traveling.

Source: DIVE.in